सोमवार, सितंबर 21, 2015


Some of the memories 
are reserved for those nice moments ... 

when on the earth 
the carpet of moonlight spreads all around
where the flowers with their moisten smell
make the nature more romantic...

and the season of romance blooming everywhere
when the eye-lash gratifying with lusty cheers
and there is an immediate desire of heart
that this time must stop here and now...

and throughout such a moment 
too many centuries be surpassed…
-Firdaus Khan

Courtesy : Image from google

Unknown Season of love...

in the calm and lonely night
a breezing wind sings a song 
of quite unknown season of love...
I do start changing
the pages of my past days
one by one... 

and even more to the introversion
where in the island of memories or
such as like 

once hot summer's afternoon of June
I feel warmth of your  that touch  
even now feeling that at this moment...
-Firdaus Khan

Courtesy : Image from google

Book of love

Oh’ Dear
I still remember those moments
when you said to me:
"your poetry is not just a poetry
but the spell of sacred book of love
learned by you at heart..."

And hence
I started thinking...that
your every word itself is like the Kalame-ilahi
which I wish to read perpetually
as like that of the Kalma...
-Firdaus Khan

Courtesy : Image from google

Waiting for you

Oh my love !
waiting  for you a long way               
am being reached
to the stage of life 
from where
the journey of life once started 
comes to an end  
with the breakage of last breathe...

but again right from here        
the second journey starts 
which will finally be over
in the doomsday...

such a journey of your love 
I have to pass through in the life 
from one place to far off  distances
even life after the life 
for you only...
-Firdaus Khan

मंगलवार, अक्तूबर 08, 2013

Precautionary Guidelines for Mobile Users...

Mobile users are advised to take following precautionary measures while using a mobile handset:
1. Keep distance – Hold the cell phone away from body to the extent possible.
2. Use a headset (wired or Bluetooth) to keep the handset away from your head.
3. Do not press the phone handset against your head. Radio Frequency (RF) energy is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the source -- being very close increases energy absorption much more.
4. Limit the length of mobile calls.
5. Use text (SMS) as compared to voice wherever possible.
6. Put the cell phone on speaker mode.
7. Use your phone where reception is good. If the radio signal is weak, a mobile phone will increase its transmission power. Find a strong signal and avoid movement.
8. Metal & water are good conductors of radio waves so avoid using a mobile phone while wearing metal-framed glasses or having wet hair.
9. Let the call connect before putting the handset on your ear or start speaking and listening – A mobile phone first makes the communication at higher power and then reduces power to an adequate level. More power is radiated during call connecting time.
10. If you have a choice, use a land line (wired) phone, not a mobile phone.
11. When your phone is ON, don't carry it in chest/breast or pants pocket.
When a mobile phone is ON, it automatically transmits at high power every one or two minutes to check (poll) the network.
12. Reduce mobile phone use by children as a younger person will likely have a longer lifetime exposure to radiation from cell phones.
13. People having active medical implants should preferably keep the cell phone at least 15cm away from the medical implant.
While Purchasing a Mobile Handset check the SAR value of the mobile phone. It can be searched on internet if its model number and make is known.
14. The RF radiation is increased by Mobile phones when used in a car to overcome the window shielding.
15. It severely affects the reproductive systems of both male and females;deformity of unborn babies in the womb itself.

Courtesy :  Department of Telecommunication Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Govt. of India

सोमवार, अगस्त 26, 2013

Judicial Logjam New Steps Offer Hope

Firdaus Khan
Everybody agrees that justice delayed is justice denied. And yet, trials continue for several generations in our country. The condition is such that people are suffering from what can be called ‘ancestral trials’. An individual passes away, but the trials seem to continue. That is why innocent people sometimes spend their life behind bars. It has happened many a time that after spending the whole life behind bars or even after a person’s death, the verdict comes that the person was innocent. In that case, it is worthless to say who is responsible for the injustice that has happened to them. Nobody in this world can give back the time wasted behind the bars. The family of those people who get involved in trials also face a lot of difficulties in their life. They keep circling around the courts and the lawyers. During each circle, the lawyer earns a huge amount of money and the people lose a huge amount of money. In this era of unemployment and inflation, it is very difficult to earn money and often it is also difficult to manage two full meals a day. Filling the deposit boxes of the lawyer with this limited income is also not less than any kind of punishment.

In the courts country-wide, more than 3 crores cases are pending presently. A point of even greater concern is that out of those 3 crores cases, 60 per cent cases are related to the Government. In several cases the agonist and the antagonist states along with the Central Government are also present. The maximum cases are related to the Income Tax Department, Home Department, Finance Department, Industry Department, Mining-Petroleum Department, Forest Department, Public Health Engineering Department (PHED), Education Department, Village Councils, Transport and Revenue Department plus 19 other departments. The maximum cases that are against the Government are related to tax. S.S. Palanimanickam, Union Minister of State, Finance said in the Lok Sabha that 5860 cases related to direct tax worth Rs. 2707 crores are pending in the Supreme Court whereas 29650 cases related to direct tax worth Rs. 36,340 crores are still pending in the High Courts. He also said that 2855 cases related to indirect tax worth Rs. 8130 crores are pending in the Supreme Court whereas 14,626 cases related to indirect tax worth Rs. 11,459 crores are still pending in different High Courts of the country. Palanimanickam also said due to some ‘irremediable’ processes of the Government the outstanding taxes are not been collected. The recovery of the outstanding taxes is also not possible due to the suspension of application by the Appeal officials and also due to suspension of the cases by the courts.

Out of the total pending cases, 74 per cent cases fall within the last five years. Salman Khurshid, Law and Justice Minister, said in the Rajya Sabha that till 30 September 2010, 57,179 cases were pending in the Supreme Court, whereas 42,17,903 cases were pending in the High Courts and 2,69,86,307 cases in the lower courts.
Other than the impotency of the Judicial System, the reason behind the huge number of pending cases in the courts is also a glaring shortage of Judges. In proportion to the country’s population, the number of judges is less. There are 135 judges per 10 lakhs in America. Likewise in Canada it is 75, In Australia it is 57 and in Britain it is 50 whereas in India there are only 13 judges per 10 lakhs population. Despite this, the judge’s post in different courts are still empty. Last year, in about 21 High Courts of country-wide, 279 posts were empty, although 895 recommended posts are present in those High Courts. There are 160 posts for judges in the Allahabad High Court, but only 69 judges are present — that means 91 posts are still empty. In the High Courts of Haryana and Punjab there should be 68 judges in total, but only 20 judges are present and 48 posts are vacant. In Kolkata High Court, only 17 judges are present, whereas there should 58 judges in total. There 41 posts still vacant.

There are only 13 judges in the High Court of Rajasthan, but there should be 40 judges which means 27 posts are vacant. Gujarat High Court also has only 22 judges, whereas there should be 42 judges, 20 posts are vacant and in Sikkim High Courts only one judge is present, whereas there should be 3 in total. District and Subordinate courts are also more or less in the same situation. In total, 18,008 posts are recommended in those courts, whereas 3,634 posts are still vacant. In Gujarat, there are 1679 posts for judges, but only 863 judges are present and 816 posts are empty. Only 681 judges are present in Bihar, whereas the requirement is 1666 judges. 1897 judges are working in Uttar Pradesh, whereas 207 posts are still vacant. The requirement of judges in West Bengal is around 146. Around 194 posts are still vacant in Maharashtra. The other states of the country are more or less in the same situation. As a consequence, delays in court cases inevitable. The Prime Minster of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, Chief Justice of India, Mr. Sarosh Homi Kapadia and Law and Justice Minister, Mr. Salman Khurshid have agreed that in India cases in the courts run for a longer period of time and decisions also come very late.
Cabinet Minister and famous Advocate Kapil Sibal said that the biggest obstacles for appointing new Judges are the State Governments. They always cry over the deficiency of money. Justice is on the last pedal in their priority list.

The Government has now taken some major steps for rapid completion of court cases. According to this the Government has approved the National Justice Delivery and the Legal Reform Mission. In the financial year 2011-12, for infrastructure development, the Central government has alloted Rs. 500 crores _ five times more than the previous allotment. For the States, it has also been increased from 50:50 to 75:25 and for the Northern states it is kept as 90:10. Other than this, for the period in between 2010 to 2015, the Government has approved the recommendation of Rs. 5000 crores mentioned in the 13th Five Year Plan for the development of a viable justice pattern in the country. In 2010-11, the State Governments have already been granted Rs. 1000 crores each. With the help of these grants, the State Governments can build Morning/Evening/Special Magistrate courts in order to reduce the number of pending cases in their respective states. They can appoint court stewards; build Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Centers, provide training for the consultants and arrange more people for the courts. Grants are also been allotted for the training of Justice Officials, for making the State Justice academies more powerful, for the training of the public prosecutors and for the maintenance of the heritage courts. To make all the judicial processes computerised, the Government has alloted Rs. 935 crores for every district and Subordinate courts of the country. This process has been under way since 1997. Till 31 March 2012, around 12,000 courts are to be computerised and till 31 March 2014, 14.249 courts are to be computerised. State case policy is also being prepared with the aim of making the Government efficient and responsible. If the cases in which the Government is involved are reduced then the courts will get more time to resolve the other pending cases.
To provide justice to the people at ground level, village courts are to be constructed under the Village Court Act-2008. The Central Government is also providing expenses for the construction of village courts. For the first 3 years the amount for the help allotted is to be Rs. 3.20 lakhs per village court per year.

Justice After Five Decades
In a five decades old case, on August 2007, the Supreme Court gave a decision in favour of a farmer named Rajendra who died a few years ago. This land dispute case reached the court in 1957. In 1964, the Allahabad High Court stipulated the land was in Rajendra Singh’s name. The Supreme Court also deemed this decision to be correct. The persons, who occupied the land namely Prem Mai and Sudha Mai, also didn’t challenge this decision. In that case Rajendra Singh should have got the land, but in 1991 the High Court again interfered in this case and dissolved the final decision. In 2001, Rajendra Singh knocked at the door of the Supreme Court and in August 2007, Rajendra Singh got the decision in his favour. But Rajendra Singh had passed away a few years before the decision was given. In this issue the Court sorrowfully said that if the trust of the common people is to be reinstated in the Judicial system, then the cases should be completed expeditiously.

सोमवार, जुलाई 23, 2012

Land Mafia Thrives on Graveyards

Firdaus Khan
Muslims in Haryana are under immense pressure not from outside but from the Waqf officials themselves. The Waqf Board of Haryana has been making all-out efforts to sell Waqf property clandestinely in collusion with the land mafia. And this time not even graveyards have been spared. For a few fast bucks, officials have been desecrating graves so that graveyards can be deleted from official records and maps, facilitating their sale in the open land market. As a result, the Muslims of Haryana are finding it hard to find places for burying their dead and are deeply hurt and peeved at the ‘afterlife’ of their dead.

Take the case of late Manohar, a devout but poor Muslim from village Parnala in Jhajjar, Haryana. The 60-year-old died but the villagers denied him a place in the village graveyard. The reason? Some musclemen of the village have laid claim over the graveyard: Bhagwana, Uday, Naththu and Phool Singh have illegally captured the whole land. Jeevan Malik of the Haryana Muslim Khidmat Sabha revealed that when a complaint was lodged with Rifaqatullah, the Estate Officer of Waqf Board in Jhajjar, he told the people that it was none of his business to have their dead buried. The people then turned to the District Administration and the dead body could receive its last rites only after administrative intervention.

Manohar was a very unfortunate man. His wife Raziya, who passed away before him, got the same treatment on her death. While people were grieving over the dead body, strongmen were busy establishing their claims over the graveyard in a bid to deny the departed soul her rightful place in the womb of mother earth.

Biruddin, son of late Abdul Gafoor, who buried his father in the Chand Sarai graveyard which is spread over 21 bighas in Karnal, Haryana, alleges that the Waqf officials are hand in glove with the land grabbers and prevent any action from being taken against the encroachers. He says that the musclemen of late built a boundary wall around the graveyard overnight. Seventeen people have different sorts of claims over the land. It is noteworthy that the Punjab and Haryana High Court had given a verdict in the favour of the graveyard on 19 September 2008. The Court had strictly said that plotting of the graveyard land was illegal and goes against the past strictures of the Court. Desecration of graves was termed as a criminal act punishable by a jail term. When the local Muslim organisations in association with the Minorities Commission pressurised the Waqf Board, the lease to this land was abrogated, but the latest report is that land mafia has again encroached upon the graveyard.

In the last 7 years, the revenue of the Waqf Board has gone up by 273 per cent. In 2004-05, the Waqf Board earned 5.23 crores while in 2011-12, this increased to 17.62 crores. Recently, Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda announced a re-evaluation of Waqf properties and ordered that action be taken against the encroachers. But the same government had also come up with advertisements in newspapers where it had lauded the Waqf Board.

Colonies and shops built over graveyards
After independence, the Government of India enacted the Waqf Act in 1954. In 1995 some far-reaching amendments were made in the Act. Under Article 13 (1) of the Act, the Chandigarh Waqf Board was constituted which was to be responsible for the upkeep of religious places in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and the Union Territory of Chandigarh. But as per a notice issued by the Central Government on 29 July 2003, this Board was scrapped. Subsequently, on 1 August 2003, Haryana Waqf Board was constituted. This Board abrogated all principles and practices that it was constituted to uphold and Muslim religious properties began to be sold. The Board officials started leasing Waqf properties. Colonies and shops were built over graveyards.

Famous Chand Sarai graveyard leased to land mafia
As per a gazette notification issued by the Government of India, the Haryana Waqf Board holds 12,494 properties including 20,908 acres of land. Earlier this was under the Punjab Waqf Board. First, the Punjab Waqf Board officials misappropriated or sold these properties and later the practice continued under the Haryana Waqf Board. The officials of Haryana Waqf Board sold the Waqf properties in nexus with the land mafia. Recently a case of selling a graveyard came to light in Karnal. Mohammad Yaqub Sarawali, the estate officer in Karnal office of Waqf Board, and the Lease and Acquisition Officer in Ambala Headquarters, Imtiaz Khizar, colluded with the Chief Administrative Officer Dr. Parwez Ahmad and leased the famous Chand Sarai graveyard which occupies 21 bighas to the land mafia. This graveyard was leased by Ashok Kumar, a resident of Urban Estate, and Sunil Kumar, a resident of Sector 4, for agricultural purposes but they have planned a colony over the land and carved out plots for selling to private owners. These two desecrated the graveyard and destroyed the graves to making way for an approach road to the proposed colony. On a complaint by the Muslims of the area, the administration stopped the construction work while Waqf officials tried to mislead them.

Graveyard converted into a slum
In Bahadurgarh of Jhajjar,  two Waqf Bord properties of 52 and 3 bighas have been converted into colonies. In Shershah village of Sonepat, 10 bighas of  Waqf property has been encroached upon and private houses been built. Karnal has a graveyard but that has also been occupied illegally for housing purposes. In Terawadi, in Karnal, the workers of this industrial area have encroached upon the graveyard and converted it into a slum.

Graveyard yields hefty profit
Some of the cases show that private parties took Waqf land on lease and then sold it to some other party for a hefty price. In Karnal itself, a graveyard in Indri area has been sold. In 1987-88, the graveyard was leased to one Shamsuddin and Mughaluddin (sons of Mohammad Sadiq), and one Nayaz Din (son of Maula Bukhsh) for Rs. 225 per month (vide administrative letter 24/lease urban-file no. H-5-9/87-88/19538, dated 1-04-1988). Later, Shamsuddin’s son, Jamil, made two shops over the land and sold them to one Shanti Devi, wife of Chandra Lal, resident of Ward No. 1, Karnal, for Rs. 80,000 each.

Guru Granth Sahib’s translator’s grave missing
Along side the Ambala-Jagadhari highway is another graveyard of historical significance. Here too graves have vanished into thin air. Due to theft of epitaphs, the presence of graves cannot be made out. When retired Justice Mahendra Singh, member of the State  Minority Commission, visited the graveyard responding to a complaint in this respect, it came to light that the grave of J.P. Collingham, the person who translated the Guru Granth Sahib into English and who was buried in 1849, has also gone missing.

Revenue of Waqf Board up by 273 per cent
The Chief Co-ordinator of the Haryana Muslim Khidmat Sabha, Advocate Mohammad Rafiq Chauhan, opines that the number of Muslims in Haryana is minuscule and at the same time ill-educated, and this is the reason why Waqf Board officials have been misleading and exploiting them and their religious endowments. He has appealed to the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) Chairperson, Sonia Gandhi, to intervene in this matter but there is no response from her side so far. He has also written letters to Rahul Gandhi.